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Date: 1557

Designer:
Robert Granjon

Foundry:
Granjon founder and printer / Enschedé

Location:
Lyons, France

Current equivalent:
HTF St Augustin Civilité

See also:
Enschede Civilité, Deberny and Peignot Civilité, English Secretary Hand, ATF Civilité

Technologies:
Metal (foundry)
Postscript
Truetype

Famous for:
One of the oldest original script typefaces.

Applications: Historical Script

Ubiquity:
Rarely used

Category:
Humanist Script

Stress: Angled
Serifs: None

Design history:
This script, used during the renaissance as a general written hand, shows the qualities of quill pen writing, and its name is a generic descriptor of a style of writing, like 'secretary hand'. As a printing type, it represents a crossover between blackletter and calligraphic styles, similar to the Subiaco type of Sweynheym and Pannartz. During its history, the gothic component of Civilité was successively watered down by various foundries, culminating in the ATF attempt to anglicize it completely in the 1920s. The recent 'Historical Allsorts' version by Jonathan Hoefler and Tobias Frere Jones is probably the most accurate. The name Civilité comes from the title of an early French translation of a book by Erasmus ('De civilitate morum puerilium libellus') in which the typeface was used.

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picture: Black Dog & Leventhal Pubs