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Date: 1734

Designer:
Johann Michael Fleischmann

Foundry:
Enschedé / Dutch Type Library

Location:
Haarlem, Holland

Current equivalent:
FB Farnham

See also:
DTL Fleischmann, Fenway by Matthew Carter

Technologies:
Metal (foundry)
Postscript
Opentype

Famous for:
First typeface made with a counterpunch.

Applications: Book Publishing & General Purpose Text Setting

Ubiquity:
Very rarely used

Category:
Transitional Roman

Stress: Angled
Serif: Transitional

Design history:
Fleischmann's roman has an oblique stress and baroque styling in the uppercase serifs and lowercase terminals. Perhaps the first Dutch type produced with a counterpunch, Fleischmann's type was an outstanding technical achievement of the time. The digital version, by Erhard Kaiser, (from the Dutch Type Library) is a faithful interpretation that includes three weights and related italics in both display and text versions. While traditional type classification refers to Fleischmann's roman as transitional, Bringhurst describes this type as truly 'rococo' – between renaissance and transitional styles (or romantic and enlightenment periods).

profile 21

picture: Blandford Press